COORDINATION COMMITTEE ON INFORMATION SOCIETY PROBLEMS AT THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS

DRAFT

 

NATIONAL STRATEGY

FOR INFORMATION SOCIETY

DEVELOPMENT

  

SOFIA, OCTOBER 1998

 

A broad public discussion of the draft is forthcoming

 

1. INTRODUCTION

 

1.1. THE INFORMATION SOCIETY results from the changes called for by using new information and communication technologies (ICT) in the overall public life.

 

1.2. During the recent years the technologically developed countries accepted their own NATIONAL STRATEGIES AND PROGRAMMES FOR TRANSITION TO INFORMATION SOCIETY (USA, EU countries, Singapore, etc.). The European Union accepted a strategy for the Information Society (IS) together with the Action Plan "The European Way to the Information Society" presented by the European Commission. Such strategies and programmes are developed also by all Central and Eastern European countries (Rumania, Estonia, Hungary, Slovenia, Latvia, Lithuania, etc.). These acts outline the integrated frame for IS and encompass the key areas for the European Union as telecommunications, research and development, innovations, competitiveness, medium and small enterprises, economic and social cohesion, data protection, international relations and cultural exchange.

 

1.3 THE IS MAIN FEATURES are as follows:

 

1.4. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GLOBAL INFORMATION POLICY is based on the following principles:

 

1.5. THERE IS NO ALTERNATIVE FOR THE TRANSITION TO IS: it is not a matter of national choice whether to build or not IS, but the way and forms of its realisation. The transition towards IS is across-borders and across-nations process where the different states make their contribution through carrying out their national policies. In building global IS, Bulgaria should find an adequate national expression for implementation of IS principles.

 

1.6. THE NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR IS DEVELOPMENT specifies the main aims, priorities and actions for building IS in our country, combining national interests with the IS concept, devised by the European Union. In accordance with the National strategy, a programme is under execution, in the following conditions specific for our country:

 

1.7. THE MAIN AIMS OF THE STRATEGY are as follows:

 

1.8. AS A RESULT FROM THE REALISATION OF THE STRATEGY the following effects are expected:

 

1.9 THE REALISATION OF THE NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR IS IS FUNDED by various sources:

 

1.10. On a national level THE ACTIVITIES UNDER IS ARE COORDINATED, ORGANISED AND CONTROLLED by the Coordination Council on IS Problems at the Council of Ministers. The carrying out of the information policy is performed in interaction among different departments, as well as in interaction with the European Union countries, the Central and Eastern European countries and other countries, Bulgaria carries out programmes that allow it to take part individually and through mutual projects in the IS establishment.

 

1.11. The NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR IS DEVELOPMENT is an act on whose basis the State institutions develop their information strategies, outlining the aims, priorities and actions for the respective sectors. Periodically, the updated programmes and the reports for their performance are presented before the Council of Ministers.

 

1.12. THE MAIN NATIONAL PRIORITIES FOR BUILDING INFORMATION SOCIETY are as follows:

The strategy discusses the primary national priorities in the following areas:

 

 

2. MANAGEMENT

 

In accordance with Strategy for Building Modern Administrative System of the Republic of Bulgaria, the ways by which the State and local administration serve the citizens of the country and the national business are optimised. The services provided by various public administration units should be accessible, comfortable, user-friendly and low-cost for the tax payers. The realisation of the National Strategy for Transition to IS shall lead to harmonisation of the relationship between administration, population and business and to augmentation of the democratic control of the society on the management of the country.

 

2.1. To develop A STATE POLICY CONCERNING BUILDING NATIONAL INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE.

Particular public administration units already start in a non-coordinated way to establishment of national information systems. This inevitably will lead to negative consequences observed in other developed countries:

 

For this reason it is necessary to elaborate a State policy for single approach at building national information systems as part of the national information infrastructure. The Council of Ministers is to prepare an Uniform Act for the Principles and Universal Standards for Operation in All Public Administration Units. This Act is to guarantee the independence of the particular institutions in development and usage of the systems, including of the information contents, in observing general standards, type equipment, functional procedures and incoming/outgoing forms of information flows. In the individual administration levels the equipment, training, instructions for using ICT are to be unified.

 

2.2. THE ACTIVITY OF THE STATE INSTITUTIONS should be put in accordance with the new ICT for:

 

2.3. To develop STATE POLICY CONCERNING SERVICES WITH THE INFORMATION AVAILABLE TO THE INSTITUTIONS AND ITS CLASSIFICATION:

 

2.4. THE NEW ICT ACHIEVEMENTS to be used fully in the process of preparation of Bulgaria for membership in the EU. To create specialised data bases reflecting the activities of the institutions on the preparation of the country for membership in the EU. To set-up effective telematic links with the respective EU institutions.

 

2.5. To optimise the MECHANISM OF PUBLIC ORDERS in the ICT area. The new legislative organisation for public orders assignment shall introduce mechanisms for not allowance of corruption and to provide:

 

2.6. Gradually to move towards PAPERLESS INFORMATION EXCHANGE,

 

2.7. To create ELECTRONIC VERSIONS OF THE STATE OFFICIAL ISSUES, for example Official Gazette, settling the legal importance of the official bearers of legal information.

 

2.8. THE MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR performs various information activities (direct, specialised, development, strategic, etc.) in accordance with the Constitution and the laws of the Republic of Bulgaria, the Concept for National Security and the Strategy for the Information Activity of the Ministry of the Interior, in accordance with the international acts in the area of the human rights and the integration policy of the country. Due to the objective circumstance that the counter-action to the crime is ensured to a significant extend by sources outside the Ministry of the Interior, to continue actively the participation of the Ministry of the Interior in the establishment, harmonisation and development of the national information system.

 

The information activity to be developed as an integral part of the managerial, operative and every technological activity of the Ministry of the Interior, paying special attention to the specialised information technologies in:

 

Priority in the legislative programme is passing acts for fight with the crime and corruption at all levels. According to the national programme for counteraction to the crime, Unified Information System for Counteraction to the Crime should be established, which is to support the coordination of the fight against organised crime and corruption. The aim of the unified system is to integrate the data available to right-protection departments, financial, tax and customs bodies, including data for constitutes preliminary checks, constituted quick legal proceedings, procuratorís surveillance, criminal legal proceedings, execution and serving sentences, re-socialisation of persons. The system should provide also information about operative and managerial activity in the field of crime prevention. To develop at accelerated pace the resource provision of the police, trial, prosecution and court with modern telecommunications means for realisation of effective international cooperation and partnership in the fight against organised crime, drug traffic and terrorism, ensuring procedure validity of the acts exchanged by telecommunications. In order to perform the functions of the Ministry of the Interior, a perspective staff policy in the information area should be carried out and a system for continuous education in the ICT area should be developed and a high level of qualification of the staff should be kept.

 

2.9. MANAGEMENT OF THE DEFENCE AND STRENGHTENING OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY are basic spheres for ICT application. The principle of civil control upon the army should be settled legally, opening of the special services to the society and transparency of their operations, on the one hand, and ensuring certain degree of secrecy in order to provide effectively the main functions of these organisations, from the other hand.

 

Bulgariaís integration to NATO requires modern and efficient army, provided in information and communication terms at the state-of-art level. In order to achieve this aim, priority tasks are as follows:

 

 

Modernisation of the command, management and communications systems:

 

 

Modernisation of the military education and military scientific activity:

 

Expansion and modernisation of the public relations:

 

2.10. To assess the existing public registers and to apply THE EU STANDARDS FOR BUILDING PUBLIC STORAGES FOR INFORMATION, regulating the access to them.

To envisage establishment and maintenance of public registers, including:

(On the basis of an unified identity code to move towards unifying the existing statistical, tax, court, customs, insurance and other data bases. To envisage prompt and simplified procedures for one-step registration of the legal persons to the ends of the court, tax, customs, insurance authorities).

 

2.11. To establish at accelerated pace a MODERN CADASTRE OF THE COUNTRY AND INFORMATION SYSTEM OF THENATIONAL CADASTRE as a basis for the land (estate) registration, space-oriented information systems concerning the technical infrastructure, natural resources, environment, culture monuments, activities on the territorial organisation, tax levies related to the real estate property, etc.

The ICT should find a wide application in the activities on the organisation of the territory of the country which will allow more effective making of managerial decisions with regard to the problems of the territorial units ant the optimal situation of industrial and infrastructure sites. The IS definitely will bring the aims of the cadastre closer at maximum publicity and accessibility for citizens, their organisations and the State and municipal administration bodies: market and private circulation, economic stability and management of the stable growth, territorial development and public utilities, public services and transport, ecological monitoring and control, protection and regeneration of the environment. To use the results from the land reform for further development of the cadastre, carefully storing the existing data banks. Application of new information and communication technologies should continue at contemporary organisation of the national, territorial and departmental cadastres as transition from design-oriented approach to coordination information system approach, introduction of digital maps, module approach, etc.

 

2.12. THE SAFETY OF THE COMMUNICATIONS AND THE DATA PROTECTION are central issues for the information provision of the management. In design and establishment of information systems for administration, measures are envisaged in case of:

 

2.13. To establish INTER-DEPARTMENTAL BODIES which in coordination with the individual institutions, economic subjects and non-governmental organisations to devise a national programme for solving problems as:

 

2.14. To continue at accelerated pace the COMPUTERISATION OF THE COURT SYSTEM. To enhance the telecommunications exchange of information, including legislative and statistic information about the court trials in process, as well as to establish possibility for telecommunications exchange with other State institutions, public registers, etc.

 

2.15. To automate THE OPERATION OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT, to build data bases with its decisions and their translations on the main Europen languages, as well as to develop the possibilities for telecommunications exchange of information with similar institutions for constitutional control.

 

2.16. To establish UNIFIED STANDARDS FOR AUTOMATION OF THE NOTARIAL ACTIVITY AND THE CONNECTION WITH THE NATIONAL CADASTRE. To introduce standardised technologies for automation of the notary activity, as well as unified automated system of the notary deals. To work out the legal basis of the electronic notary deals.

 

2.17. Basic areas of DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATIONAL STATISTICS with a view to the requirements of the Information Society are as follows:

The national statistics should be placed in accordance with the EU requirements concerning the methods of introduction of new information and communication technologies, including through participation in multinational European programmes on the priority areas for the statistics system:

The National Institute of Statistics should develop its activity applying the requirements and the unified standards with a view to support the information exchange and the joint work among the member -countries of the EU following the declarations for cooperation signed. The basic principles for reforming the statistical activity are as follows:

The necessity for adequate reflection of the following facts should be taken into account in introducing the information technologies in the national statistics:

 

Key priorities for the statistics in the transition to Information Society are:

 

2.18. A MODERN INFORMATION POLICY OF THE MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION should be encouraged in order to provide:

To stimulate creation of specialised applications supporting the municipal administration.

To elevate creation of geographical information systems at municipal level, having analytical and cartography functions, containing data about soils, real estates, transportation network, communication networks of the engineering structures, electric power supply and heat supply, water supply and sewerage, telephonisation, etc.

 

 

3. TECHNOLOGIES

 

 

The Information Society is based on the contemporary achievements of the telecommunications and information technologies. The development of telecommunications in our country follows the Sector Policy, devised and widely discussed in public, subject to periodical updating.

 

3.1. ACCESS FOR ALL

 

3.1.1. A broad access should be ensured of all layers of the population to even limited number of modern, effective and quality telecommunications and information services, provided at reasonable prices. Only that way all people will be able to have economic and social profits in order to improve the quality of their life. The IS should be based on the principle of equal possibilities and participation.

 

3.1.2. The main aim should be PROVISION OF GENERALLY AVAILABLE SERVICE, i.e. a minimum package of the most mass and important for the society telecommunications services of certain quality, available to all users, notwithstanding their geographic location, and which are provided at a reasonable price. An important aspect of the generally available service is the public access to the plain telephone service through public phones, working with coins or phone cards, distributed all over the countryís territory and installed in suitable places which ensure free-of-charge access to the national emergency services.

 

3.1.3. From the stand point of the universal access KEY PRIORITIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT AND MODERNISATION OF THE NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE should be:

 

3.1.4. ACCESS TO BASIC INFORMATION SERVICES should be provided in public places as libraries, community centres, schools, clubs, etc. These places can serve as a basis for creation of centres of knowledge, supporting the access to new technologies and mastering the skills necessary for them, providing public access to computer and communications resources. Special attention should be paid to the priority satisfaction of disabled peopleís needs for access to networks and services.

 

3.2. UNIVERSAL NETWORK

 

3.2.1. The work for prompt further building of modern national telecommunications and information infrastructure should go on. The modern telecommunications infrastructure in our country is on the first level of its development - building integrated switching and transmission network (ISTN) on the basis of the digital overlay network (DON) built and transition to integrated services switching and transmission digital network (ISDN). In parallel, provision of ISDN services to business subscribers and big users has already started.

 

 

3.2.2. THE MODERNISATION OF THE NATIONAL NETWORK should be accomplished through step-by-step commissioning of new digital capacities and gradual replacement of the analogue equipment in the network. The following long-term aims are pursued:

 

The accelerated and extended digitalisation of all levels of the network will allow bringing the standards (network and service-oriented) closer to those of the European Union countries by 2000/2001.

 

3.2.3. THE PROBLEM OF THE FREQUENCY PROVISION OF THE WIRELESS FIXED LOCAL LOOP RADIO SYSTEMS should be solved promptly and in a complex manner. In locations of low density of subscribers and of complex terrain conditions, using such systems usually is the only alternative.

 

3.2.4. THE NETWORK INTERFACES AND THE ARCHITECTURE should be accurately specified on the basis of European or international STANDARDS. The fusion of various networks in unified modern national telecommunications infrastructure, as well as the provision of high level of security and protection of information, are extremely complex technical and organisational problems. Only strict adherence to harmonised European and international standards can ensure seamless interconnection among networks of different operators and quality end-to-end services for the consumers.

 

3.3. INTERNET

 

Internet is the most dynamically evolving global network which already has a key role in the world communications development. The commercialisation of Internet broadened immensely the area of its usage. Further development of Internet in the country will allow increasing the interconnection amongst people, supporting real-time audio and video connection.

 

3.3.1. ACCELERATION OF INTERNET DEVELOPMENT IN OUR COUNTRY is necessary, accounting for the following factors:

 

3.3.2. MAIN PRIORITIES that have to be taken into account when building Internet in our country are:

 

3.4. MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS

On the basis of frequency resource provided for building second network operating on GSM standard, a second GSM operator should be licensed, which will lead to improvement of servicing and decrease of prices. Through implementation of new versions of GSM system, a considerably higher rate of information exchange will be provided in provision of various information and multimedia services. In due time the necessary prerequisites for introduction in the country of the new (third) generation of mobile communications systems, the so-called universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS).

 

3.5. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

 

3.5.1. MAIN NATIONAL PRIORITY IN THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AREA should be the development of production (design and implementation) of information technologies from Bulgarian producers. The information technologies represent the technological backbone of the information society providing for the maintenance of all appropriate economic activities and meanwhile representing one of the leading branches with respect to accumulation of national income. The restoration of Bulgariaís traditionally strong positions in the field of information technologies will ensure a national basis for our participation in the international distribution of labour, will be an important source for national income and will keep in the country a lot of young and talented specialists.

 

3.5.2. PRIORITY should be given also to wide implementation of information technologies for provision of ACCESS AND PROCESSING OF INFORMATION IN ALL ECONOMIC AND ADMINISTARTIVE SHERES.

 

Main facilities for achievement of these priorities could be:

 

 

4. economy

4.1. SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRICES (SME)

 

4.1.1. IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE A SIGNIFICANT ECONOMIC GROWTH it is necessary to restructure and privatise the Bulgarian economy mainly by means of establishing small and medium enterprises:

 

 

The following problems should be solved gradually in order the SME to come out on the European and global market successfully:

 

4.1.2. SPECIAL ATTENTION should be paid to THE SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES working in the IS area which will ensure the appropriate development of the information and telecommunication infrastructure. This will enable a lot of new opportunities for:

 

4.1.3. The development of small and medium enterprises will allow INCREASING THE EFFECTIVENESS AND IMPROVEMENT OF THE ACTIVITY IN CERTAIN BRANCHES since:

 

4.2. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

 

4.2.1. The information technologies are an important FACTOR FOR THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT of the country. Nowadays the economic activity in the information technologies area of could be classified in the following way:

 

4.2.2. It is necessary to make a CHANGE IN THE STRUCTURE AND ORGANISATION OF THE RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCTION ACTIVITY, as well as in the products structure. The current status is characterised by:

 

4.2.3. The development of the information technologies as A PREREQUISITE FOR BULGARIAíS JOINING THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY. A fast improvement of the information technologies is necessary, especially in the area of the computer and telecommunications systems and networks, as well as in software production. Some of the requirements are:

 

4.2.4. The entering of COMPUTER AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES in the countries will have significant social, ecological and regional effect:

 

4.2.5. THE MAIN PRIORITY IN THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AREA should be Bulgariaís affirmation as a producer of computer and communication systems and devices and software products. This is important because:

 

4.3. ELECTRONIC COMMERCE

 

The electronic commerce is a group of information technologies which are of key importance for the affirmation of the Information Society because of the fact that they allow transition to an entirely new specific for the Information Society mechanism for carrying out economy activities. This is a means for radical changes creating completely new commerce environment, new model of relationship in the economic on the whole chain "production - consumption". The basic feature and the main source of effectiveness of the electronic commerce is the integration of the information flows, the standardisation of the procedures and the open nature for all participants in the commercial transaction. The electronic commerce is one the IS fastest developing directions and an incentive for introduction of the most modern information and telecommunications technologies in Bulgaria. The aim is to ensure performance of all commercial activities in an electronic way, including also the information phase, the negotiations phase, and the payment phase. The achievement of these aims should be performed on the basis of:

 

4.3.1. DEVELOPMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS through:

 

4.3.2. CONFIDENCE IN THE CONSUMER which has to be achieved by:

 

4.3.3. For timely introduction of electronic commerce, certain INVESTMENT is needed which is to be done after:

 

Now decisions for investment in electronic commerce in the USA are taken every day and the share of the sales by electronic commerce is being increased constantly. In Europe there still is hesitation and the opportunities for investment in electronic commerce are still under investigation. The policy for liberalisation of economic relationship permits to the State administration to direct effectively the building and development of electronic commerce in our country by:

 

4.4. BANK OPERATION

 

The banks have an important role in the IS because of their functions not only as an intermediary in the payment process, but also as a documentary intermediary and source of information about the status of the deal or the process. Creating secure and confidential medium for electronic payments among the economic subjects, the banks are a main element in the infrastructure for universal electronic exchange of documents in other spheres also.

 

The bank system has always been a considerable consumer of information services, and, usually, on the highest technological level. In the modern society the functioning of the banks is impossible without application of high ICT. The ICT should be regarded as a basis of the new philosophy for development of the bank activity: from electronic transactions through the bank local networks to inter-bank payments. Applying ICT in the bank sphere stimulates the competition on the financial market and leads to increase in the quality of the services offered. Using electronic money, bank credit and debit cards, electronic payments and other services accomplished in an electronic way, isa necessary condition presence and competitiveness in the world economy.

 

 

The transition to IS in the sphere discussed imposes:

 

The creation of a real-time payment system will be development of the currently existing payment system with one-day processing cycle. Initially the inter-bank payments should be encompassed, and immediately after that all payments should start to be accomplished on-line. It is well known that the countries of the so-called Eurozone actively are getting ready for transition to a system based on the European unit, the Euro. In spite of the fact that Bulgaria so far has not formal obligations in this regard, practically it is not possible the Bulgarian bank system not to be prepared to functioning with Euro, because of the various existing relations with banks and clients from the Eurozone. The complete solution of the question of the electronic signature has legal and technological aspects. After this is accomplished, the question with minimisation of the paper flow in the bank area will be solved in a natural way and that will result in various positive effects.

 

In view of the experience of the country during the last years, development of a computerised credit register would be of great importance. It is normal for it to be located in the Bulgarian National Bank while the remaining banks should have obligation under set procedures to provide information for it and to use it for their own needs. The solution of this task is closely related with creation of methods and technology for specifying a credit rating.

 

4.5. TRANSPORT

 

4.5.1. The transport allows large-scale introduction of ICT and two aims can be set:

The realisation of these aims shall reflect in the market, technology, economic and social strategy of transport, as well as in the organisation forms these strategies are executed.

 

4.5.2. THE IS BASIS IN THE TRANSPORT should be built from rules and standards by initial centralised investment.

 

The priorities in the area of transport come from its specific and strong commitment with a considerable number other branches (productions, trade) and institutions (border control, customs). They can be grouped as current and forthcoming.

 

 

The current priorities are:

 

As forthcoming priorities we can list:

 

In both cases legal regulations are obligatory which are to regulate the relationship of the various participants in the systems offered. From technical point of view, in the transportation system there is an operating communications infrastructure which after appropriate renewal can serve for the purposes offered.

 

4.6. AGRICULTURE

 

The IS penetration in the agriculture and among agricultural workers is expected to lead to positive economic and social results. The main reason for that will be the steep increase of the information among agricultural workers, naturally, if simultaneously they acquire qualification and predisposition to seek, find, interpret in a proper manner and apply the information necessary for their particular economic activities. The difficulties anticipated with this regard deserve particular attention and respective measures:

The definite positive development in IS realisation results from:

Main priorities for development in the agriculture are the following:

 

4.6.1. CREATION AND REALISATION OF PROGRAMME FOR GRADUAL EDUCATION and convincing the agricultural workers in the necessity of usage and application of ICT in the agricultural activities. This should be performed in parallel with provision of conditions for gradual creation of respective infrastructure for ICT.

 

4.6.2. CREATION OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS for:

 

4.6.3. CREATION OF DYNAMIC REGISTER OF THE FARM LANDS in the country. The information it contains (incl. graphical) could be used at different levels and by different offices - municipalities, tax offices, courts, notaries, the Ministry of Farming, Forests and Agrarian Reform), particular interested citizens.

 

4.7. POWER INDUSTRY

 

The fast ICT development in the power industry is of particular importance for increasing the effectiveness, security and safety of production and distribution. A main priority in entering the IS is the creation of multifunctional information system for operative and statistical information. It will be used by three groups of users:

 

Another priority is the accelerated development of the automation of the manufacturing and managerial activities in the production units of the branch (National Power Company, Bulgargas, Central Control Administration, etc.).

 

The infrastructure of the national power system in perspective can be used as alternative communication and information infrastructure. One of the immediate applications will be the remote automated reading the power consumption.

 

 

5. Investment in the future

 

Education and science are key areas for the transition to IS. The analysis made showed the following basic problems:

In order to solve the above-mentioned problems the following main priorities are formulated:

 

5.1. THE PREPARATION ON INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES (ICT) - opportunity for all in the education.

 

The preparation for the Information Society requires from its citizens to have functional literacy on ICT and to use them in their everyday life and in their professional activity. As a result of solving this priority task and in accordance with the National Strategy adopted by the Ministry of Education and Science:

 

The prerequisites needed for that are as follows:

 

5.2. CONTINUOUS AND INDIVIDUAL EDUCATION

 

In the Information Society the knowledge is a strategic resource and the education - strategic process. One of the important tasks of the educational system, related to the preparation for Information Society is not only to teach. Even more important is to organise the preparation of the members of the society as a continuous process of education and self-education. This concept is adopted in Europe. Its aim is:

For realisation of the continuous education to use the means of the computer networks including the possibilities of tele-education, multimedia, tele and video lectures ad other forms. They contribute to increase the education effectiveness and quality through the possibilities for individualisation and adaptability. This, from its part, requires development of training materials and utilities of high quality of the contents and in accordance with the new for the information technologies forms and methods of education. The creation of educational materials involves active usage of interactive publishing activity, based on advanced publishing and media paradigms and specialised software technologies. An compulsory condition is to provide openness and wide access for everyone to the respective resources and educational services bearing in mind the national and cultural identity.

 

Notwithstanding the above-mentioned considerations, the primary importance of the traditional education is not undermined. The standardised requirements on information-communication provision of the educational institutions and on realised educational programmes on information and communication are of particular significance. Their observation should be guaranteed by the State educational requirements and by the accreditation of the educational institutions.

 

The educational plans and programmes should be harmonised with these of the European Union in order to allow unification of the graduation documents.

 

5.3. NEW MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC STUDIES

 

It should be built on the basis of new priorities and mechanisms of organisation and financing. This is achieved through specialised research and development networks and cooperative telematic work at a high degree of international integration. The academy society should develop this model, coordinating with the State institutions the priorities of the research and development and application studies in the areas relevant to IS and mechanism for their realisation. Part of this model should be new and corporate forms of partnership between business, industry, educational and research institutions for spreading innovations and knowledge which will lead to application results also. The scientists should be provided equal access rights of to information, possibilities for qualification and mobility. This way Bulgaria will become an attractive place for research and development activity an a level close to the European one, and the leakage of young and highly qualified researchers abroad will decrease. Some specific perspective areas, including information engineering and communications , should be subject to an especially purposeful drive for such keeping the scientific potential.

 

In this respect, the full-right and full-value participation of Bulgaria in the Fifth Framework Programme of the European Union for studies, technological development and demonstration activities (1998-2002) has a decisive importance. The basic for the IS scientific and technological studies should be put into accordance with the standards of this programme which will have a key importance for the IS development in Bulgaria. Main priority for building the IS according to the Fifth Framework Programme is to improve the functionality, applicability and accessibility of the future information products and services, meanwhile accounting for the national and cultural identity. Our participation will help decisively the national academic society for its competitiveness in European conditions. Even in a mere financial aspect, a big return on investment is expected from the investment of the necessary for the participation means. In the same context integration of Bulgaria should be envisaged in pilot regional and European projects on education and science in IS conditions, as well as provision of full-purpose and full-value participation in the European educational programmes TEMPUS, SOCRATES, LEONARDO DA VINCI. The experience so far from similar participation shoed that additional conditions are required for provision of effective national coordination of the Bulgarian participation in the European Union programmes, public transparency, public character and free information access in accordance with the experience and the standards of the European Union.

 

5.4. PROVISION OF ACCESS TO THE GLOBAL INFORMATION NETWORKS FOR ALL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND SCIENTIFIC ORGANISATIONS

 

The existing national academic information and communication infrastructure should be developed and operated effectively and in full-value, most of all by combining the efforts of various institutions together (Ministry of Education and Science, Bulgarian Academy of Science, Higher Institutes, Bulgarian Telecommunication Company, foundation, etc.). It should provide broadband transmission media for full-value usage of modern computer and communication technologies as multimedia, video conference, Internet access, etc. In specific aspects and accounting for the specifics, all high and professional schools should join it within two years, and all the remaining schools - within two or three years more. During solving this problem the practical lack of modern computers and software in the schools should be born in mind, as well as of systems for their maintenance and protection. Development of Intranet structures should be in the Higher Schools and the Bulgarian Academy of Science.

 

Therefore, normal conditions will be provided to schoolboys, students and lecturers for access to information, consultations, team work on collective projects (educational and research) in national and international context.

 

5.5. MODERNISATION OF THE LIBRARY SYSTEM AND PROVISION OF WIDE ACCESS TO IT

 

In the Society of Knowledge the libraries should provide in an easy and quick way the necessary library information resources not only for educational and research and development purposes, but also for satisfying the citizensí individual needs. Respectively, this requires modernisation and opening to the world. To this end it is necessary:

 

 

6. The Man

 

6.1. LABOUR AND SOCIAL POLICY

 

The development of new dimension in the social policy related to the advantages of the Information Society and the possibilities for improvement of the quality of the employment and the social integration of the employed, imposes new aims and specific actions. They are directed at undertaking measures which are to ease the access to productive and freely chosen flexible form of employment corresponding to the new needs of the employers and employees.

 

6.1.1. The knowledge of the ICT EFFCTS ON THE QUANTITY AND QUALITY OF EMPLOYMENT are of significant importance for the social processes management. The following is necessary to this end:

 

6.1.2. Along with the traditional forms of employment in the IS, other NON-TYPICAL FLEXIBLE FORMS are emerging. Such forms are: part-time employment, temporary agreement for a particular job, remote employment, other forms of agreement assigning a particular task. The national social policy in the conditions of the Information Society should be should be based on application of equivalent or similar conditions of employment and labour as in the regular (term-less, full-time) employment and work. To this end it is necessary:

 

6.1.3. IS offers bigger opportunities for DECREASE OF THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE NON-EQUAL GROUPS ON THE LABOUR MARKET (women, disabled people, workers close to retirement age, students, minorities, migrants), as well as for improvement of the quality of their life. The following actions are to be undertaken to this end:

 

6.1.4. THE FLEXIBILITY AND SECURUTY OF THE LABOUR MARKET IN THEIS creates a new balance of the counteracting trends towards regulation and deregulation. The new forms of labour organisation in the IS are a factor for increasing the competitiveness. They assume serious changes in the industrial relations (between social partners) because the process of adaptation of the working force to the new conditions requires participation of the employed people in carrying out the organisational and technological changes. To this end it is necessary:

 

6.1.5. For development of VARIOUS FORMS OF TELEWORK an adequate frame should be created. To this end the following actions are necessary:

 

6.1.6. THE SOCIAL DIALOGUE IS A TOOL FOR CHANGES IN THE INFORMATION SOCIETY AND FOR STRENGHTENING THE SOCIAL SOLIDARITY. The traditional systems for collective bargaining need reforms and transition to the levels where the respective economic policy is laid down in the conditions of using new technologies and globalisation of the world economy. The priorities of the social dialogue will continue to be bound to the quantity and quality of employment, flexibility and labour conditions. Using non-governmental organisation of ideal aim offers opportunities to support non-equal groups in mastering new skills, necessary to the employment in the IS (social economy). To this end it is necessary:

 

6.1.7. The ICT potential should be used for ENCOURAGING HIGHER STANARDS FOR SAFE AND HEALTHY LABOUR CONDITIONS. To this end the following actions are necessary:

 

 

 

6.2. HEALTH CARE

 

The priorities in the health care come from the two most important groups activities in this area:

The main purpose of these groups is to be put in accordance with the nature and requirements of the Information Society, resulting in the two following priorities:

 

6.2.1. ESTABLISHEMENT OF NATIONAL COMPUTER HEALTHCARE NETWORK. This network should be based on national information and communication infrastructure. The network should be built in such way that it will be easy to integrate it with the European systems. It will allow exchange of information among doctors, hospitals, pharmacies, laboratories and pharmaceutical enterprises and the various healthcare institutions, while the patients, especially disabled persons or persons from villages and border regions, to get in touch with the healthcare units and to receive directions from expert doctors in case of emergency. It is recommendable to follow the following stages while building this network:

 

6.2.2. INTRODUCTION OF ELECTRONIC CARDS (FORMS) IN THE HEALTHCARE. These cards will contain data about the patientís health condition, current treatment, medical images, results form analyses, etc. There should be a correspondence between the activity with this respect in the European Union and the standards adopted there, especially with regard to the contents and form of the cards. Submitting data about the patientís status in a multimedia form is completely feasible. Compulsory requirements are passing a law ensuring confidentiality of information, as well as establishment and experimenting technologies and their technical devices for entering, updating and usage of information from electronic cards and for integrated usage of the data for statistical, managerial and scientific aims.

 

The introduction of electronic card should be implemented in successive stages for different categories people.

 

 

6.3. ECOLOGY

 

6.3.1. In the Information Society the PRIORITIES IN THE ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AREA are changing - activities possible mostly on the ICT acquire primary importance:

 

6.3.2. In the new conditions the consumerís satisfaction from the market products offered will depend increasingly on their ecological properties. For meeting this new necessity DATA BASES WITH ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION assisting the actual protection of the consumer should be developed.

 

6.3.3. Manufacturers and tradesmen should be oriented towards ecological innovations, The INFORMATION SYSTEMS FOR ECOLOGICAL MONITORING should support the effective State and public control and the realisation of the citizensí right to be aware of the actual status of the environment.

 

6.3.4. The public administration should not only guarantee the citizensí access to ecological information, but also to lead PROACTIVE POLICY, disseminating anticipating information about the environmental status.

 

6.4. CULTURE

 

6.4.1. THE INFORMATION ERA CAUSES RADICAL CHANGES IN THE CULTURE:

 

6.4.2. The culture is becoming an area where the newly established global market manifests itself. In the Information Society people will assimilate the culture in different ways and PREREQUISITES should be created for:

6.4.3. THE MANAGEMENT OF THE CULTURE should use fully the ICT possibilities through:

 

6.4.4. THE FINANCING OF THE INFORMATION ACTIVITY in the area of the cultural historical heritage should be directed mainly to the following priorities:

 

6.4.5. IN THE INFORMATION SOCIETY PARALLEL PROCESSES OF EUROINTEGRATION AND INCORPORATION TO THE WORLD CULTURE WILL RUN, on the one hand, and preservation of the national cultural specifics, on the other hand. In view of the cultural cooperation as part of the common European integration processes. organisational and technical prerequisites should be created for incorporation of Bulgaria in the European cultural networks.

 

6.4.6. Special attention should be paid to the BULGARIAN LANGUAGE AS A "SMALL LANGUAGE" AND THE ICT POSSIBILITIES for representing Bulgarian works also in other languages in the related world. The development of linguistic translators and other applications in the translation area should be encouraged. They will ease the overcoming of the language barriers and contribute to the distribution of the Bulgarian culture in other cultural and language media, and contrary, distribution of foreign cultural production in Bulgarian language.

 

6.5. ELECTRONIC MEDIA AND AUDIVISION

 

 

In the integration of the media to the Information Society standards, the following leading trends are observed:

 

In contrast to the leading branches in the economy sphere where the State still has a leading role in their putting on a modern technological basis, in the electronic media area the State should settle legislatively the liberalisation of the media space and by guaranteeing the constitutional rights of the citizens to give freedom for deployment of processes as:

 

6.5.1. DEPOPULARISATION. The strengthening of the regional communication should continue. To this end by the means of licensing policy of the regulatory bodies the development of private radio stations, air and cable televisions of different transmission range should be encouraged, the independence of the regional centres of the Bulgarian National Television and the Bulgarian National Radio should be fortified. The liberalisation of the public space to be realised along with the preservation of the cultural identity in its multiplicity, encouraging:

Through licensing policy in the area of electronic media the specialised communications should be encouraged according to the cultural interests of relatively big groups of national auditory, including:

It is necessary to affirm the role of the public media as institutions of the publicly guaranteed authenticity. In the process of transition to Information Society the creation of actually functioning public media should be accompanied by the development of publicly-responsible commercial media which further will take on the protection of the public interest.

 

6.5.2. INTERACTIVITY. The electronic media should develop applications allowing interactivity, increased volume of information from the auditory and establishment of a second communicative axe "consumer-consumer", apart from the classic axe "media-consumer", combining the programming strategies with personal choice strategies. To encourage new structures of media message with options and built on the rules of the hypertext: together with the story about the event to offer information inputs to other events upon the consumerís desire. Through creation of specialised media applications to activate the personification of the information flow and combining social and personal communications. The public media have to start accomplish the function of public multimedia libraries. To broaden the activities of social significance as teleeducation and real-time conference public discussions, activities dedicated to disabled people, etc.

 

6.5.3. MULTIMEDIA AND NEW TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS. Gradually the borders between the particular types of media are overcome and they integrate in a unified media environment. Prerequisites for introduction of digital technologies have to be created for increasing the quality of the programmes and their distribution, as well as other contemporary technological decisions in accordance with the EU standards and normative acts.

 

6.5.4. GLOBALISATION. On the basis of the free reception and re-transmission of foreign radio and TV programmes guaranteed by the legislator, to broaden the possibility for access to world culture, ensuring a translation into Bulgarian language.

 

The Bulgarian presence requires overcoming the big delay in using the possibilities for satellite transmission of the signal of own television programmes, adapted to the technological and cultural standards of the foreign auditory. To support the Bulgarian media in their entering the Internet as first step in their integration to the global media space of the Information Society.

 

 

7. THE MEANS

 

7.1. THE ROLES

 

Building the IS requires the special attention of the State institutions. However, this is not sufficient.

 

Neither the State budget, nor the State employeesí efforts are sufficient for incorporation of people to the principles and values of the Information Society. The State should speed up the process as its rope should be precisely defined. The State keeps its leading role in:

 

In areas as education, health care and in the social sphere the administration as a "exemplary consumer" should undertake the leading role in introduction of new information applications.

 

The State should encourage the involvement of private sector and non-governmental organisations representatives in educational and elucidatory campaigns, for realisation of public control in the conditions of public nature and transparency of decision-making, etc. The practice for attraction of private sector and non-governmental organisations representatives in the firsthand decision-making process about different IS areas should be developed. In the information legislation and in the practice on its application the trend of withdrawal of the State from realisation of political control on the information sphere should be outlined clearly.

 

 

The trade companies from the private sector:

 

The public through the non-governmental organisations, groups on interest and upon personal initiative of citizens:

 

7.2. THE STANDARDISATION

 

7.2.1. The tasks which the Information Society places in front of the standardisation in our country can not be solved if our national standardisation system is not adapted for executions of theses tasks. That is why the STANDARDISATION AREA in our country needs no corrections, but REVOLUTIONARY CHANGES:

 

The current normative basis is the most serious obstacle which hamper the introduction of the thousands international and European standards in the information and communication technologies area in our country.

 

For example, from the 1300 standards the joint technical committee ISO/IEC/JTC 1 deals with, no one is implemented in our country. From the 2600 standards and specifications of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) only about twenty are implemented in our country.

 

7.2.2. Since the certification and accreditation areas are closely linked with the standardisation, another first priority task is establishment in our country of a MODERN TESTING AND CERTIFICATION SYSTEM which is to serve as a basis for mutual recognition of protocols from tests and certificates with the Unified European market through the accreditation system.

 

The compulsory character of the Bulgarian standards is an obstacle to the development of the certification of the respective products.

 

This is also a prerequisite for establishment of technical obstacles in the trade with these products on the Bulgarian market and places in unequal position the importers whose products correspond to the European directives and the standards harmonised with them.

 

The existing mechanism for assessment of the correspondence of the products to the requirements to them specifies the State as unique and direct executor of this assessment (almost exclusively through permits and registration regimes), which is against the "new approach" of the EU envisaging a free regime on the basis of the correspondence declared by the producers. The mutual recognition of certification bodies will allow the quality control systems according toe BDS/ISO 9000 built by the Ministry of the Standardisation and the Ministry of Industry to be certified by Bulgarian bodies.

 

7.2.3. The departments should reconsider the TECHNICAL NORMATIVE ACTS AND THE STANDARDS HARMONISED WITH THEM, each in its area.

 

Only through clear definition of the so-called "regulated area" where the authority bodies can through technical orders to create grounded restrictions in the trade, it will be possible to regulate the interconnection between technical normative acts and the standards related to them in the way accepted in the EU and can make a painless transition to a principle of voluntary actions in the implementation of the national standards. With regard to that, a survey of the existing obligatory standards in the information and communication technologies area should be completed in order to replace them with minimum quantity of necessary secondary legislation acts.

 

7.2.4. IN LEGISLATIVE ASPECT the first steps are acceptance of the following TWO ACTS:

The new legal frame of the standardisation should allow introduction of international and European standards in out country in the original language either on the method of adding a title page in Bulgarian or on the method of referencing.

 

7.2.5. IN ORGANISATIONAL ASPECT a PUBLIC STANDARDISATION BODY is to be establish and gradually it should be transferred rights and responsibilities for organising and carrying out the national standardisation on the basis of the offered new legal frame of this activity.

 

7.2.6. IN THE NEW LEGISLATION ORGANISATION of the assignment of STATE ORDERS provisions should be envisaged concerning the compulsory reference and implementation of national, European and international standards or publicly available specifications (PAS) in bids for building information and communication infrastructures and systems. The results from the European initiatives EPHOS, Euromethod, ISIS and SPRIE-S2 can serve as a basis.

 

7.2.7. A lot of PARTICULAR PRACTICAL ACTIVITIES should be undertaken IN THE STANDARDISATION, TEST AND CERTIFICATION AREA which would help for the IS establishment in our country:

 

7.3. THE LAW

 

7.3.1. In the Information Society the importance of the legislation related to information and its usage rises. THE LEGISLATION ORGANISATION of the following is of significant importance:

 

The legal organisation of the information relationship should be developed:

- The increasing economic importance of the information as a good;

- The universal nature of the information as an element of the human labour, education, recreation and way of life;

- The convergence of the information sectors - information industry, electronic media and publishing activity, telecommunications.

 

The development of the informational legislation should allow creating conditions favourable for stable economic growth of the country and for improving peopleís quality of life.

 

7.3.2. In the information society conditions the real mechanisms for realisation of the CITIZENSí COMMUNICATIONS RIGHTS are of significant importance:

 

The legislation on access to information should envisage the mechanisms for real guaranteeing of the citizensí right on information provided in the Constitution. Having outlined the range of the secrets stipulated in the law, the principle "Everything which is not explicitly forbidden is allowed" should be applied consistently. In regulating the access to information it is important to settle the balance between the citizensí right on information and the protection of their personal immunity in the information area. The personal immunity and the protection of the personal information should be subject to branch legal organisation as well in areas like health care, insurance, employment, etc.

 

With the information technologies development the communications rights should receive mechanisms for their guaranteeing notwithstanding the information bearers and the type of channels for information exchange. Special attention should be paid to the legislative measures for protection of the citizensí communications rights in an electronic environment.

 

7.3.3. the legal organisation of TELECOMMUNICATIONS (Telecommunications Act, 1998) is based on a new approach combining the following principles:

 

The telecommunications legal organisation should develop, including on a secondary legislation level, in order to ensure:

 

The principle of minimalism in the telecommunications organisation is adopted, which practically means to accept only an organisation absolutely obligatory for creation of open competitive market in this area. The State retains its rights to manage the radio frequency spectrum in accordance with the Constitution.

 

7.3.4. From a global information and communication space used by 1% of the population in the world in the beginning of 1998 INTERNET is becoming a real economic, cultural and social environment.

 

The Bulgarian legislation should create conditions for successful development of Internet as a:

 

In order to achieve this objective the legislation provides;

 

On the account of the economic legal regulation, the development of programme products should be encouraged by the means of which the employer or the parents could specify the "dangerous" areas, according to their criteria, and to forbid their employees or children from access to them. In addition, the self-regulation of Internet service providers should be encouraged to avert the spreading of the illegal and harmful contents in the network.

 

The principle of minimalism should be carried in the legal organisation of Internet, but clear rules should be introduced about management of the Internet development on the territory of Bulgaria, including the principles of obtaining and protection of domain names.

 

7.3.5. THE ELECTRONIC MEDIA in Bulgaria get legal organisation in a unified manner nonetheless the transmission medium of the radio and television programmes - via air, satellite, cable network or via the global network for transmission of voice, image and text.

 

The legal organisation and practice of the bodies on its implementation should be oriented to:

 

In order to achieve the above-mentioned objectives the following activities are encouraged by the legislation:

 

In the area considered amendment and addition of the Copyright and Related Rights Act is imminent with regard to the broadcasting of protected sites in wireless way, to the transmission on cable or other technical facility, in accordance with the Directive 93/83/EEC.

 

7.3.6. Gradually, but consistently and uniformly, the grounds of the legal organisation of "INFORMATION SOCIETY SERVICES" should be created as a single activity encompassing the existing and emerging new types of services provided remotely, by electronic means and on individual consumersí request. Such services are ad follows:

 

With respect to the "Information Society services" the principle of free circulation of goods and services should be applied respectively in order to include Bulgaria in the single liberalised European market.

 

7.3.7. An essential part of the "Information Society services" are the ELECTRONIC COMMERCE AND THE ELCTRONIC BANKING.

The services that Internet provides, including the "electronic market". Encompass different actions of legal consequences (for example, offers, entering into contracts and unilateral legal deals, distribution of media products, etc.). It should be guaranteed that the different subjectsí interests are not threatened by the use of the new information technologies.

 

7.3.8. The legal organisation of the ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES should be developed in accordance with the EU law through acceptance of a limited range of rules about the security of the information exchange and the responsibility of its participants. The organisation should allow identifying the parties in an unique way, the integrity and the authenticity of the messages in the network. Essential issues subject to legal organisation are as follows:

 

The legal organisation should encourage the electronic commerce and the Information Society services giving answer to questions as:

 

7.3.9. The legal organisation of the CONSUMERSí PROTECTION should take into account the expected rapid development of the electronic commerce on Internet as well. That is why a legislation for consumersí protection should be created (Alleged wills, the conditions of withdrawals of tenders and public offers, etc.)

 

Due to the fact that the communications media are across the borders, special attention should be paid to the international aspects of the problems. The acceptance of clear rules for consumersí protection in case of contractual obligations resulting from the electronic commerce is of significant importance.

 

7.3.10. THE SECURUTY OF INFORMATION EXCHANGE IN THE GLOBAL NETWORKS is a first-grade issue for the law as well.

 

In parallel with the technologies for effective protection of the secret of correspondence and the information immunity, the legal facilities for data protection should be developed. The cryptographic methods should be used freely and in the interest of protection of the personal immunity. As far as the cryptography is not a weapon, but technology, allowing the data to be presented in an illegible for the wide public form and therefore able to protect the secret of medical, finance and other information, the possibility for dropping out the restrictions about cryptographic software from the international agreements for control on the deals with weapon and/or goods of double use should be discussed.

 

The legislation for protection of citizensí personal data is an essential part of the EU legal organisation as a region without internal borders and it is a priority in our legislation activity.

 

The Law for protection of the citizensí personal data will create a necessary normative basis for guaranteeing the immunity of the personís private life, his rights and obligations in information plan through:

 

7.3.11. The legal organisation of the INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY is another area where the technological development is of primary importance. The progress in the technologies allowed the objects of the copyright to be reproduced digitally by comparatively non-complex technologies and to be distributed in a telecommunications way. Despite the trend to a "connected" world, in the area of rights on intellectual property in the European Union there is still lack of single market space. The harmonisation of the national legislations of the European countries in this field is on a relatively early stage. In execution of the European agreement for association of Bulgaria the following reasons should be taken into account:

 

As reflection of the technological innovations, the following issues should be decided upon:

 

7.3.12. In the standardisation area introduction of standards and specifications of the European Telecommunications Standardisation Institute is just starting in our country. The Telecommunications Act creates prerequisites for secondary legislation regulation of European kind, including for assessment of the correspondence and the notification of bodies and standards related to it in accordance with the European requirements.

 

The work on preparation of a Standardisation Act should be accelerated.

 

7.3.13. The data about the territory of the country with its natural resources and underground and earth real estate tangible values, provided by the cadastre, should correspond to the possibility for preciseness, achievable with the new technologies. This imposes passing a NEW ACT FOR THE CADASTRE which is to replace the current Act for Single State Cadastre, preserving the positive properties of the current system. The new Act should reflect the possibilities of the new ICT and the organisation of the cadastre respectively adapted to them.

 

Gathering data for the needs of the cadastre should be in accordance with the right on personal life, the immunity of the housing, the freedom and secret of correspondence guaranteed by the Constitution.

 

7.3.14. The Information Society is accompanied by SPECIFIC NEGATIVE EVENTS as well - computer crimes and crimes in electronic medium. Computer crimes are the crimes with respect to networks and communications systems as:

 

The crimes are increasing for which the telecommunications networks are favourable environment as:

 

It is necessary to introduce effective punishments for such crimes which are to be applicable in across-border networks, as well. It should be assessed to what extend the components of the "conventional" crimes could be applied to the new communications media as well, however bearing in mind that the criminal law is not applied by parity of reasoning.

 

7.3.15. In view of the convergence of the information technology and telecommunications amendments in the CRIMINAL LAW should be introduced in order to bring it in accordance with the information technologies possibilities.

 

7.3.16. In order to stimulate the development of HIGH TECHNOLOGIES in the country and flow of foreign investment in the high tech productions and services in the following should be guaranteed legislatively:

 

The transition towards Information Society presumes the tax policy to be used as a tool for encouragement of high tech productions and services.

 

Establishment of high tech parks as organisational form for accelerated development of the information industry should be settled in the legislation.

 

7.3.17. The global challenges in front of the law are connected to the circumstance that IS can be built on the basis of common rules for all participants in conditions of tolerance and respect towards national identity and cultural differences. In the "connected" world the existing differences among national legal systems should be avoided be means of international agreements and collaboration.

 

Bulgaria, following its European choice, supports the efforts for building a single system of rules in the EU for areas as telecommunications, protection of intellectual property, protection of data, electronic commerce, etc. Solutions of the IS global issues in the "connected" world should be sought in the process of integration of the Central and Eastern European countries to the EU, in the operation of the World Trade Organisaion (WTO), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) and the World Bank, as well as by the way of bilateral agreements.

 

7.3.18. The legal problems of the information Society puts NEW REQUIREMENTS IN FRONT OF THE EDUCATION AND THE QUALIFICATION OF THE MAN OF LAW creating and applying the legal organisation of the information relations.

 

In the curricula of the higher schools there are no courses on information law, media law, Internet law. The raising cases represent a complex problem even for the law-applying persons, both for law-defending institutions and in the public administration, electronic media, telecommunications, etc. With this regard it is of urgent necessity to:

 

7.4. Incorporation

 

The acquaintance of the public with the technological, economic, socio-cultural, ethic, regulatory aspects in using the new ICT and the consequences from that is of considerable importance for the successful transition of our country to Information Society. The ICT create new better conditions for social interaction, for easier, safe and healthy labour. The wider informness about the Information Society and the improvement of the life standard as a result from the usage of ICT would increase the motivation of the citizens and their readiness to participate in the changes needed. For that purpose all possible channels and means should be used (media, exhibitions, issuing of specialised and popular literature).

 

7.4.1. INCREASE OF THE INFORMNESS OF THE CITIZENS for the aims and purpose of the Information Society:

 

7.4.2. Using the Information Society possibilities for OPTIMISATION OF THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SPHERE through:

 

7.4.3. INCORPORATION TO THE GLOBAL EUROPEAN SPACE through the Information Society:

 

Bibliography

 

  1. Martin Bangemann. Europe and the Global Information Society.
  2. Recommendations to the European Council.

    http://www.bild.acad.bg/bangeman.htm

  3. White Paper on growth, competitiveness, and employment - The challenges and ways forward into the 21st century.
  4. http://www.ispo.cec.be/infosoc/backg/whitpaper/top.html

  5. Europeís way to the information society. An Action plan.
  6. Green paper: Living and working in the Information society: People First.
  7. http://www.ispo.cec.be/infosoc/legreg/docs/peopl1st.html

  8. The Rolling Action Plan COM(96)607
  9. http://www.ispo.cec.be/infosoc/backg/whitpaper/top.html

  10. The Impact of the Information Society on the territorial planning of the less favoured regions.
  11. http://www.ispo.cec.be/infosoc/promo/pubs/issa.html

  12. COM(97)7final - Cohesion and the information society, Communication from the European Commission.
  13. http://www.ispo.cec.be/infosoc/legreg/docs/cohes1.html

  14. COM(97)91final - EU action Plan: Satellite communications in the Information Society, Communication from the European Commission.
  15. http://www.ispo.cec.be/infosoc/legreg/docs/com9791.html

  16. COM(96)607final - Rolling Action Plan: Europe at the Forefront of the Global Information Society, Communication from the European Commission.
  17. http://www.ispo.cec.be/infosoc/legreg/rollcomm.html

  18. Communication on the further Development of Mobile and Wireless Communications.
  19. http://www.ispo.cec.be/infosoc/legreg/telecom.html

  20. First Monitoring Report on Universal Service in Telecommunications sector in the European Union.
  21. http://www.ispo.cec.be/infosoc/legreg/telecom.html

  22. Green Paper on Universal Service for telecommunications in the perspective of a fully liberalised environment.
  23. http://www.ispo.cec.be/infosoc/legreg/telecom.html

    Mobile yearbook 1998, PNE, The Economist,1998

  24. Satellite communications in the Information society.
  25. http://www.ispo.cec.be/infosoc/legreg/telecom.html

  26. Strategy and Policy Orientations with regard to the further Development of Mobile and Wireless Communications (UMTS).
  27. http://www.ispo.cec.be/infosoc/legreg/telecom.html

  28. Universal Service for telecommunications in the perspective of a fully liberalised environment.
  29. http://www.ispo.cec.be/infosoc/legreg/telecom.html

  30. Agenda 2000, Volume I, II. Strasbourg, July 1997
  31. The European Vision of the Information Society, Speech by Dr Martin Bangemann, Member of the European Commission.
  32. 10th World Congress "Technology and Services in the Information Society", Bilbao, 3 June 1998

  33. Information Society. Report of the working group of the Austrian Federal Government. Vienna, November 1997
  34. Promoting Information Society in Europe - Optimisation of the Socio-economic Benefits of the Information Society in Europe. Brussels 22 June 1998.
  35. ITRG Final Report - Department of Finance and Administration, Australia
  36. Electronic commerce in Europe - An Action Plan for the Marketplace. IMRG Limited
  37. Creating a user-friendly information society. Thematic programme II, Fifth Framework Programme).
  38. Stepping forms to an Information Society. Juri Zlatuska.

 

 

Materials submitted under the bid:

  1. Coordination Council on Information Society Problems.
  2. Protocol No 3 of 10.06.1998

    Protocol No 2 of 02.06.1998

    Protocol No 1 of 17.07.1998

    Protocol No 2 of 20.07.1998

    Documentation for participation in the bid concerning the Strategy for IS.

  3. Ministry of Education and Culture, Scientific Research Institute of Education.
  4. Informatics and information technologies in the education.

  5. Ministry of Interior.
  6. National strategy for counter-action to the crime.

    Programme of the Ministry of Interior for Euro-integration.

    Concept for information activity in the Ministry of Interior.

  7. Ministry of Defence (Colonel V. Takov).
  8. Priorities of the MD in the ICT field.

  9. Capital Municipality.
  10. Priority tasks of the CM in the area of information provision and communications related with the activity of the local auto-management in Sofia.

    Protocol No 44 of 08.06.1998

    Protocol No 3 of 16.05.1998

    Ordinance for keeping and preservation of cleanness.

  11. "Information Society Development" Association (subcontractor according to the bid) - areas:
  12. Information technologies.

    Health Care.

    Electronic media and printing.

    Statistics.

    Defence, security and protection of population.

  13. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (subcontractor according to the bid) - areas:
  14. Telecommunications, communications infrastructures.

    Agriculture.

    Financial sphere, tax and customs system.

    Culture. Copyright.

    Data protection.

  15. Bulgarian Telecommunications Company (subcontractor according to the bid) - area: telecommunications
  16. Analysis of the current situation.

    Trends of telecommunications development.

  17. National Camber for Business Development (subcontractor according to the bid) - area: small and medium enterprises.
  18. Draft for strategy and national programme for Information Society development in the Republic of Bulgaria.

    Action programme for carrying out the national strategy for encouragement of the development of the small and medium enterprises.

  19. Dimitar Atanasov.
  20. New information technologies and counteraction to the crime.

  21. Company for Inter-discipline Studies of Ethnic Communities and Settlements.
  22. Basic considerations for building information environment for registration, analysis and study and socialisation of the cultural heritage.

  23. Slavcho Manolov.
  24. Electronic commerce, financial sphere, banks.

  25. Plamen Mateev.
  26. IS strategy for the cadastre.

  27. Tanya Vojnikova.
  28. Libraries and Information Society.

  29. Plamena Markova.
  30. IS social aspects.

  31. Blagoy Delev.

Standardisation.

  1. Assen Lefterov

           Transport

  1. Borislav Georgiev. Status of the IS problems in the commerce and services area.

 

CONTENTS

 

This DRAFT for NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR INFORMATION SOCIETY DEVELOPMENT is prepared in accordance with Resolution from April 29, 1998 of the Coordination Council on the Information Society problems at the Council of Ministers by a team consisting of Assoc. Prof. Dr. Neli Ognyanova - Director and Senior Research Associate Dr. Avram Eskenazi, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Georgi Lozanov, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Emil Markov, Prof. Dr of Technical Sciences Kiril Boyanov, Senior Research Associate Dr. Miroslav Iliev, Senior Research Associate Petar Popov, Research Associate Dr. Petja Asenova, Steven Francen, Tatjana Hinova, Hristo Georgiev. In the draft preparation teams from the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, the Bulgarian Telecommunications Company, the "Information Society Development" Association, the National Chamber for business development, etc. took part. The information base of the Bulgarian Institute for Legal Development was used. The Committee of Posts and Telecommunications is assignor of the work-out.