Republic of Latvia
Severely abbreviated unofficial translation
Terms used in the Law
Public telecommunications network - the infrastructure meant for the general use of physical persons and legal entities for the transmission of a signal between two or more defined network terminating points by utilizing cables, radio waves and optical transmission systems or any other electromagnetic process. There is one public telecommunications network in Latvia.
Basic telecommunications services - telecommunication services which ensure the transmission of signals and their routing in telecommunications networks.
Telecommunication Organization - a business company that operates the public telecommunication network and has been established in accordance with law.
State administration and policy in the field of telecommunications is carried out and determined by the Ministry of Transport.
1. Physical persons and legal entities are permitted to utilize the radio frequency spectrum only after receiving a frequency use permit (license).
2. Control and supervision over radio communications and the utilization of radio frequency spectrum is carried out by the Ministry of Transport. The Ministry also drafts plans for radio frequency spectrum utilization according to international standards, reviews requests for the utilization of radio frequencies and issues permits (licenses) in accordance with the procedure set by the Council of Ministers, as well as determines frequency bands for free use.
Types of basic telecommunication services include the following:
1) transmission of voice and other signals between the public telecommunication network in Latvia and foreign telecommunication networks, as well as between foreign public telecommunication networks and telecommunication networks in Latvia;
2) transmission of voice and other signals between the equipment of telecommunication users connected to telecommunications networks;
3) transmission of radio and television programmes over the public telecommunication network;
4) lease of telecommunication network lines;
5) provision of emergency (fire fighting, police, medical, etc.) service calls, free of charge, to telecommunication users of telecommunication networks;
6) installation and exploitation of pay phones connected to the public telecommunication network.
Licenses for the establishment of public mobile radio telecommunication networks shall be issued by the Ministry of Transport. The conditions which shall be observed by a public mobile radio telecommunication network shall be set by the telecommunication organization. These conditions are equal for all public mobile radio telecommunication networks. The regulations on the use of every public mobile radio telecommunication network and the tariffs for services provided by them shall be set by the corresponding network operator. A license shall be issued within one month from the submittal date of an application or, within the same term, a written substantiated refusal shall be given.
1. The use of satellite communication equipment by the public telecommunication network shall be coordinated with international satellite organizations by the Ministry of Transport.
2. All persons who have been issued a license by the Ministry of Transport have the right to set up and use satellite communication equipment with combined receivers and tansmitters. A license shall be issued within one month from the submittal date of an application or, within the same term, a written substantiated refusal shall be given.
Physical persons and legal entities shall have the right to set up private telecommunication networks, which may only be used by these physical persons and legal entities for their own needs, and so long as they respect the rights of the telecommunication organization.