Protocol No. 9 to the 1950 European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, entered into force Oct. 1, 1994.


The member States of the Council of Europe, signatories to this Protocol to the Convention for
the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, signed at Rome on 4 November
1950 (hereinafter referred to as "the Convention"), Being resolved to make further improvements
to the procedure under the Convention,

Have agreed as follows:

Article 1

For Parties to the Convention which are bound by this Protocol, the Convention shall
be amended as provided in Articles 2 to 5.

Article 2

Article 31, paragraph 2, of the Convention, shall read as follows:

"2. The Report shall be transmitted to the Committee of Ministers. The
Report shall also be transmitted to the States concerned and, if it deals with
a petition submitted under Article 25, the applicant. The States concerned
and the applicant shall not be at liberty to publish it".

Article 3

Article 44 of the Convention shall read as follows:

"Only the High Contracting Parties, the Commission, and persons,
non-governmental organisations or groups of individuals having submitted a
petition under Article 25 shall have the right to bring a case before the
Court".

Article 4

Article 45 of the Convention shall read as follows:

"The jurisdiction of the Court shall extend to all cases concerning the
interpretation and application of the present Convention which are referred
to it in accordance with Article 48".

Article 5

Article 48 of the Convention shall read as follows:

"1.The following may refer a case to the Court, provided that the High
Contracting Party concerned, if there is only one, or the High Contracting
Parties concerned, if there is more than one, are subject to the compulsory
jurisdiction of the Court or, failing that, with the consent of the High
Contracting Party concerned, if there is only one, or of the High Contracting
Parties concerned if there is more than one:

(a)the Commission;

(b)a High Contracting Party whose national is alleged to be a
victim;

(c)a High Contracting Party which referred the case to the
Commission;

(d)a High Contracting Party against which the complaint has been
lodged;

(e)the person, non-governmental organisation or group of
individuals having lodged the complaint with the Commission.

2. If a case is referred to the Court only in accordance with paragraph 1.2.,
it shall first be submitted to a panel composed of three members of the
Court. There shall sit as an ex-officio member of the panel the judge elected
in respect of the High Contracting Party against which the complaint has
been lodged, or, if there is none, a person of its choice who shall sit in the
capacity of judge. If the complaint has been lodged against more than one
High Contracting Party, the size of the panel shall be increased accordingly.
If the case does not raise a serious question affecting the interpretation or
application of the Convention and does not for any other reason warrant
consideration by the Court, the panel may, by a unanimous vote, decide
that it shall not be considered by the Court. In that event, the Committee of
Ministers shall decide, in accordance with the provisions of Article 32,
whether there has been a violation of the Convention."

Article 6

1. This Protocol shall be open for signature by member States of the Council of
Europe signatories to the Convention, which may express their consent to be bound
by:

(a)signature without reservation as to ratification, acceptance or approval,
or

(b)signature subject to ratification, acceptance or approval, followed by
ratification, acceptance or approval.


2.The instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the
Secretary General of the Council of Europe.

Article 7

1. This Protocol shall enter into force on the first day of the month following the
expiration of a period of three months after the date on which ten member States of
the Council of Europe have expressed their consent to be bound by the Protocol in
accordance with the provisions of Article 6.

2.In respect of any member State which subsequently expresses its consent to be
bound by it, the Protocol shall enter into force on the first day following the expiration
of a period of three months after the date of signature or of the deposit of the
instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval.

Article 8

The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall notify all the member States of
the Council of Europe of:

(a)any signature;

(b)the deposit of any instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval;

(c)any date of entry into force of this Protocol in accordance with Article 7;

(d)any other act, notification or declaration relating to this Protocol.

In witness whereof the undersigned, being duly authorised thereto, have signed this Protocol.

Done at Rome, this 6th day of November 1990, in English and French, both texts being equally
authentic, in a single copy which shall be deposited in the archives of the Council of Europe.
The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall transmit certified copies to each member
State of the Council of Europe.


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