REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA



                               LAW



                               ON

                         COMMUNICATIONS





                            Chapter I

                                   

                       GENERAL PROVISIONS

                                     

     Article 1. Purpose of the Law

     This Law  establishes the  rights and  obligations of    the

State, enterprises,  organisations and  natural  persons  in  the

management and  use of technical facilities of telecommunications

as well  as disposal thereof, in the fitting out and operation of

telecommunications networks,  in  the  provision  of  postal  and

telecommunications services  and making  use of  same, as well as

the general  principles of  responsibility for  the violations of

this Law.

     In cases  where the international agreements ratified by the

Republic  of   Lithuania  establish  regulations  of  postal  and

telecommunications activities other than those prescribed by this

Law, the  regulations of the international agreement shall apply,

provided that they are in compliance with the Constitution of the

Republic of Lithuania.

     

     Article 2. Definitions

     As used in this Law:

     communications means  the totality  of    telecommunications

enterprises and technical facilities;

     Ministry  of   Communications  and   Informatics  means  the

Ministry of  Communications and  Informatics of  the Republic  of

Lithuania;

     communications  administration   means   the   Ministry   of

Communications and  Informatics, as  well as other communications

regulation institutions  authorised  by  the  Government  of  the

Republic of  Lithuania or  the  Ministry  of  Communications  and

Informatics;

     enterprises within  the  jurisdiction  of  the  Ministry  of

Communications and  Informatics means  special purpose postal and

telecommunications  companies   and  state  enterprises  assigned

within the sphere of regulation of the Ministry of Communications

and Informatics;

     the post office means an enterprise (enterprise subdivision)

which provides postal services at its headquarters and within its

service area  as well  as being   engaged  in the  transportation

(delivery) of  postal shipments   to other analogous post offices

in the country and abroad;

     State Post  Office means  state enterprises and companies of

the Republic of Lithuania controlling interest wherein is held by

the state  power and  government institutions  of the Republic of

Lithuania;

     postal   services    means    reception    or    collection,

transportation  and   delivery  of  letters,  postcards,  printed

matter, secogrammes,  aerogrammes, small  packages, and  parcels,

reception and  payment of  postal money  orders,  performance  of

banking operations of the post office giro system;

     banking operations  of the post office giro system means the

customers' settlement  of accounts  through the  post  office  by

means of  credit transfer,  transfer of funds from the customer's

account with the post office to the creditor's account;

     postal money  order means  transmission of  money by post or

telegraph;



     official indication  of postage payment means postage stamps

or other marks serving the same function;

     principal  postal  services  means  reception  (collection),

transportation and delivery of mailing matter;

     mailing matter  means a  letter, postcard,  printed  matter,

secogramme, aerogramme, small package, parcel;

     postcard means a piece of thin card for sending a message by

post without  an  envelope  with  a  postage  stamp  attached  or

containing any other mark confirming postage payment;

     letter means  a written or other communication  sent by post

in an  envelope which  has   postage stamps  attached thereto  or

contains any other postage payment marks;

     printed matter  means a  publication sent  in an envelope or

any other  packing which  has postage  stamps attached thereto or

contains any other postage payment marks;

     parcel means  various articles  or food  products sent  in a

wooden, cardboard  box wrapped  in cloth  or  any  other  durable

material;

     small package  means a  shipment of small articles sent in a

wooden, cardboard box or any other durable material packing which

has postage stamps attached thereto or contains any other postage

payment marks;

     secogramme  means   a  written   communication,  cliche   or

publication for  the blind  in Braille as well as tape recordings

and special  paper for  the blind  sent in  an envelope or in any

packing which has postage stamps attached thereto or contains any

other postage payment marks;

     aerogramme means  an air-mail  letter on  a single  sheet of

paper that  folds to  form an  envelope which  has postage stamps

attached thereto or contains any other postage payment marks;

     telecommunications means  any transmission, broadcasting and

reception of  signs, written  texts, images  and sounds   or  any

other type  of information  by means  of wire,  radio, optical or

other electromagnetic systems;

     technical facilities  of telecommunications  means equipment

and lines  of telephone,  telegraph,  facsimile communication and

data transmission,  radio  communication,  radio  and  television

broadcasting and  reception as  well as  other equipment used for

telecommunications;

     certified technical  facilities of  telecommunications means

technical  facilities  of  telecommunications    whose  technical

characteristics conform  with the  standards established  in  the

Republic of  Lithuania and  which have been issued certificate of

conformity by the communications administration;

     telecommunications terminals means telephone sets, telegraph

apparatuses and  fax machines,  modems  and  other  equipment  of

telecommunications service  users connected  to the corresponding

telecommunications  network by subscriber lines;

     telecommunications  network  means  a  system  of  technical

facilities of telecommunications  specified according to the type

or  character   of  communication   (telephone,  telegraph,  data

transmission,   radio,   television,   etc.)   and   installation

territory, providing  possibilities for  information transmission

and reception in all places where equipment for connection to the

network (telecommunications terminals) is installed;

     public telecommunications  network means  telecommunications

network the  services whereof  are  provided  to  all  legal  and

natural persons;

     public radio  communications network means telecommunication

network  whose   purpose  is   transmission  and   reception   of

communications  between   movable  subscribers   or  movable  and

stationary   subscribers and the services whereof are provided to

all legal and natural persons;

     state  special  purpose  telecommunications  networks  means

telecommunications networks  installed and used only for ensuring

the functioning  of certain  state  government  institutions  and

their structures  (national security,  defence, internal affairs,

etc.);

     telecommunications  lines  of  national  significance  means

international and  intercity telecommunications  lines owned  and

operated by state communications enterprises;

     telecommunications services  means services  of  information

transmission by technical facilities;

     main     telecommunications  services  means  telephone  and

telegraph communications services;

     telecommunications enterprise  means enterprise managing and

using technical  facilities of  telecommunications and  providing

telecommunications services;

     telecommunications network  operator means  enterprise using

(monitoring, developing  and  managing)  its  own  communications

network or that owned by  another enterprise;

     subscriber means  legal or  natural person  regularly  using

postal  and   (or)  telecommunications  services  under  contract

concluded with the provider of services;

     radio and  television  broadcasting  means  transmission  of

radio and  (or) television  programmes for the residents by means

of electromagnetic waves;

     radio and  television network  means the  total  complex  of

technical facilities for radio and television broadcasting in the

entire country or its part;

     licence means  a document  which grants  its  recipient  the

right to  engage in  the  activities specified in the licence and

determines the terms and conditions of the activities;

     services provided  in the obligatory manner means postal and

telecommunications services  which are  defined as obligatory  in

the enterprise bylaws or licences for activities.



                           Chapter II



             REGULATION OF COMMUNICATIONS ACTIVITIES



     Article 3. Legal Regulation of Communications

               Activities

     1. Communications  activities and  relations between  postal

and telecommunications  operators and  their service users in the

Republic of  Lithuania shall be regulated by this Law, other laws

of the Republic of Lithuania, Government decrees as well as other

legal acts.

     2. The  management and  use of  radio communication, control

over it and  manufacture, importation, sale, use and  supervision

of equipment  emitting   electromagnetic waves shall be regulated

by the Law on Radio Communication.

     3. International  co-operation of  the Republic of Lithuania

in the  postal and  telecommunications spheres shall be regulated

by the  laws of the Republic of Lithuania, Government decrees and

international agreements.

     

     Article 4. Government Regulation of Communications

               Activities

     1. Communications  activities in  the Republic  of Lithuania

shall be  regulated in  accordance with  the respective sphere of

competence by:

     1) the Government and its authorised institutions;

     2) the  Ministry of  Communications and  Informatics and its

authorised institutions;

     3) the Ministry of National Defence; and

     4) the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

     2.  The   Ministry  of   National  Defence   shall  regulate

activities in the sphere of communications used for the country's

security  and   defence  purposes   as  well   as  the   use   of

telecommunications facilities  and networks  which are  developed

and maintained by the services subordinate to it.

     The Ministry  of Internal  Affairs shall regulate activities

in the  sphere of  communications used  for the  country's border

protection as  well as  the use  of telecommunications facilities

and networks  which are  developed and maintained by the services

subordinate to it.

     After   holding   consultations   with   the   Ministry   of

Communications  and   Informatics,  the  Ministries  of  National

Defence and  Internal Affairs  shall adopt  decisions to  install

telecommunications  networks,  satellite  communication  systems,

radionavigation and radiolocation stations and systems.

     3.Communications   administration    shall   regulate    the

activities  of   telecommunications   networks   and   facilities

belonging to  legal and  natural persons, shall co-ordinate their

interaction, determine  the terms  and conditions of provision of

principal telecommunications services.

     Communications administration shall not regulate:

     1) the  activities of  post  office  operators,  unless  the

activities are  connected with  the State  Post Office and hinder

other post offices;

     2) the  activities of  telecommunications networks  that are

not connected with the public telecommunications networks, unless

the activities are  related to the provision of services to third

persons and interfere with other networks;

     3)   the    activities   of       state    special   purpose

telecommunications networks,  unless they  interfere  with  other

networks.

     

     Article 5. The Ministry of Communications and

               Informatics

     1  The   Ministry  of   Communications  and  Informatics  is

authorised   by this  and other laws of the Republic of Lithuania

to implement  Government policy  in the sphere of communications,

to regulate  postal  and  telecommunications  activities  in  the

country.  It   concerns   itself   with   the   development   and

modernisation of  postal and  telecommunications  infrastructure,

endeavours to provide all persons located in Lithuania with equal

possibilities  for   using  communications  services,  encourages

competition between communications service providers.

     2. The  Ministry of  Communications and  Informatics,  while

discharging the  duties imposed  on it,  shall be  obligated  and

shall have the right to:

     1) establish,  reorganise, liquidate  the  institutions  and

services regulating  postal and telecommunications activities and

those  supervising   the   use   of   technical   facilities   of

telecommunications , approve their respective bylaws;

     2) submit  proposals to the Government to finance postal and

telecommunications   infrastructure    development    programmes,

compensate from  the State budget losses incurred while providing

obligatory postal  and telecommunications  services  as  well  as

grant guarantees  for the loans obtained by the State Post Office

and state telecommunications enterprises;

     3) draw  up numbering  plans  of  public  telecommunications

networks and  assign them  appropriate numbers;  issue permits to

use technical  facilities of  telecommunications   and  equipment

which radiates  or may radiate radio frequencies or instruct that

the permits be issued by the institutions and services regulating

telecommunications  activities   and  supervising   the  use   of

technical facilities of telecommunications;

     4) set  qualifications requirements  for legal  and  natural

persons which  provide  postal  services  and  install,  develop,

maintain and  use technical facilities of telecommunications, and

requirements concerning the equipment used in their activities as

well as  determine the  procedure for  the  persons'  performance

evaluation;

     5) control  the quality  of  postal  and  telecommunications

services provided to the consumers, check technical parameters of

public    telecommunications     networks    and     of     those

telecommunications networks that are connected with them;

     6)   issue   (draft   and   approve)   postal   office   and

telecommunications  regulations;   establish  the  conditions  of

principal  postal   and  telecommunications  services  provision,

service quality  requirements, approve  model  contracts  between

telecommunications service providers and subscribers;

     7) set  technical characteristics requirements of the postal

and  telecommunications   equipment  used   in  the  Republic  of

Lithuania; on co-ordination with the Ministry of Construction and

Urban Planning,  issue standards  and regulations  which regulate

the designing  and construction  of postal and telecommunications

facilities;

     8)  upon   the  declaration  of  martial  law  or  state  of

emergency, in  case of  threat of  war, natural  disaster and  in

other cases  specified by the Government, issue orders obligatory

to all  post offices,  owners and operators of telecommunications

facilities;

     9)   co-operate    with   postal    and   telecommunications

administrations  of   foreign  states,  in  accordance  with  its

competence represent  the Republic  of Lithuania in international

postal  and   telecommunications  organisations  as  well  as  at

international conferences; and

     10) establish the procedure of publishing and circulation of

postage-stamps, stamped envelopes and postcards.

     The Ministry  of Communications  and Informatics  shall also

fulfil other  functions prescribed by the laws of the Republic of

Lithuania and Government decrees.

     

     Article 6. Licensing of Communications Activities

     1. The  Ministry of  Communications  and  Informatics  shall

issue licences  for postal  and telecommunications  activities in

accordance  with   the  procedure   established  by  the  Law  on

Enterprises. Pursuant  to the Law on Stamp Duty, stamp duty fixed

by the Government shall be paid for the issued licence.

     2. The  conditions of  activities laid  down in the licences

may  be   changed  on   the  initiative   of  the   Ministry   of

Communications and  Informatics or  the licence  holder by mutual

consent. In case the licence holder refuses to accept the changes

in  the  licence  conditions  as  proposed  by  the  Ministry  of

Communications and  Informatics, the  dispute shall be settled by

court.

     

     Article 7. Prices and Rates

     1.  The   prices  and   rates  of   obligatory  postal   and

telecommunications services provided by the enterprises under the

jurisdiction of the Ministry of Communications and Informatics as

well as  of postal  and telecommunications services in the market

whereof the  enterprise holds  a dominant position, and the price

ceiling of  the principal telecommunications services provided by

other enterprises shall be fixed by the Government.

     2. The  rates charged  for  the  services  provided  by  the

institutions    and     services    regulating     postal     and

telecommunications  activities   and  supervising   the  use   of

technical facilities  of telecommunications shall be fixed by the

Ministry of Communications and Informatics.

     

                           Chapter III



                           POST OFFICE



     Article 8. Exclusive Rights and  Duties of the State

               Post Office

     1. The  exclusive right and duty of the State Post Office is

to collect and deliver letters, postcards, and printed matter, to



deliver pensions and provide other postal services established by

the Law on Enterprises.

     The marginal  maximum fee charged for the delivery of social

security pensions  shall be fixed by the Government.

     2. The State Post Office shall have exclusive right to:

     1) install in public places post office boxes for collecting

letters;

     2) issue  postage-stamps. Postage-stamps issued by the State

must contain  the inscription  "LIETUVA". They  may  contain  the

state emblem of Lithuania;

     3) use  the inscription  "Lietuvos pa?tas" ( "Post Office of

Lithuania") in  its  documents,  seals  and  stamps,  advertising

pamphlets and elsewhere;

     4) use  and allow  other enterprises  to use devices for the

marking of the payment of fee for  postal services.

     

     Article 9. Transportation of  State Mailing Matter

     State mailing  matter  and employees accompanying it through

the state  border crossing  posts, permanent  and temporary  sea,

river, channel  or other  water body ferries are entitled to pass

out of turn.

     

     Article 10. Delivery of Mail

     1.  The  mail  shall  be  delivered  (handed  over)  to  the

addressee indicated  by the addresser or to the person authorised

by this  addressee. The  mail addressed  to persons  who  are  in

military service,  in hospitals,  sanatoriums,  labour  camps  or

places of  confinement may  be delivered  (handed  over)  to  the

administration of that institution.

     2. The  mail to households shall be  delivered to subscriber

post boxes.  The procedure  for the  delivery of  mail  to  legal

persons and    the  mail  addressed  "poste  restante"  shall  be

established by the post office.

     3. Owners  of multi-apartment  houses must install blocks of

subscriber post  boxes  on  the  first  floor  of  the  stairway,

Gardeners' associations  must install  post  boxes  at  the  main

entrance to the collective garden.

     4. Owners  of private  houses must  install subscriber  post

boxes at  the entrance  to their  territory or on the wall of the

house so that they would be within the reach from the sidewalk or

road side.

     5. The  post office  may install  collective subscriber post

boxes in  areas built up with private houses. Such boxes shall be

installed at  a distance  not exceeding  300 m  from the place of

residence of   post office clients  in urban areas, and 500 m -in

rural areas.  The mail  shall be  delivered to  such   boxes only

provided   the subscriber  receives periodical   publications  no

less frequently than three times a week.

     6. Delivery of mail to the owners of householdings, which do

not comply  with the  requirements specified  in par.  3 and 4 of

this Law  and to individuals which do not install subscriber post

boxes, may be terminated.

     7. If  the addressee fails to pay cash on delivery (COD) fee

within 30  days or  any other  postal charge, the post office may

sell the shipment  and remit the proceeds to the budget according

to the  procedure established  by the Ministry of Finance, if the

addresser fails  to take  it back  within one year from its sale.

The proceeds  from the  sold shipment  shall be given back to the

addresser less postal costs.

     8. The  procedure for  sale or destruction of shipment which

is impossible  to deliver  to the  addressee  or  return  to  the

addresser or  for the  utilisation of proceeds received therefrom

shall be  established  by  the  Ministry  of  Communications  and

Informatics upon co-ordination with the Ministry of Finance.

     

     Article 11. Control of Mailing Matter

     1. Post office  employees, when accepting the mailing matter

for sending  on, may  check whether  they do not contain articles

the mailing  of which  is prohibited,  and if  such articles  are

found, to detain them.

     2. State  institutions and  their officers  may examine  the

mailing matter  and its  documentation, search articles and seize

them only  in accordance  with the  procedure established  by the

laws of the Republic of Lithuania.

     

     Article 12. The Secrecy of Mailing Matter

     1. The  post  office  employees  shall  be  prohibited  from

furnishing to  unauthorised persons  information  concerning  the

rendering of  postal  services  to  other  persons,  as  well  as

providing  them  with  conditions  to  get  such  information  by

themselves.

     2. Information  concerning the  users of  postal services is

necessary for determining the rate  for postal services,  must be

minimal and  may not  be divulged  to other  persons except   the

users of services themselves or persons authorised by them.

     

     Article 13. Liability of the Post Office

     1. The  procedure for  the payment  of compensation  for the

lost or  damaged mailing  matter as well as its  delayed delivery

shall be  established  by  the  Government  of  the  Republic  of

Lithuania.

     2. Compensation shall not be paid if unregistered letters or

money or  other valuables  included   in them  or in unregistered

parcels are lost.

                                   

                           Chapter IV

                       TELECOMMUNICATIONS

     

     Article 14.  Interaction  of Telecommunications

               Networks

     1. Telecommunications  networks shall be connected to public

telecommunication networks  and inter connected  according to the

contracts   signed by  their operators  and   in compliance  with

technical    conditions     established     by     communications

administration. These  contracts must  be in  compliance with the

recommendations of   International  Telecommunications Union, the

conditions of the application thereof shall be established by the

Ministry of Communications and Informatics.

     2. Telecommunications  network operators shall be prohibited

from  providing   conditions  in  network  connection  contracts,

discriminating one  operators and  granting privileges  to  other

operators. Disputes  between operators  concerning the conditions

of the  connection contract under preparation shall be settled by

the Ministry  of Communications and Informatics. If the operators

of both  connected  networks  provide  services,  the  cases  and

methods  of  the    disconnection  of  these  networks  shall  be

established by the Ministry of Communications and Informatics.

     3. In  the issued  licences, the  Ministry of Communications

and Informatics shall have the right to:

     1)     establish  the   main   terms   and   conditions   of

telecommunications network connection contracts ;

     2) specify  technical level  of telecommunications  networks

that are being connected;

     3)   specify    what   information    the    operators    of

telecommunications networks must exchange during the operation of

telecommunications networks;

     4)    instruct  telecommunications  enterprise  to  organise

communication with special and emergency services;

     5) establish  the numbering  of the network and the codes of

the communication with other networks.

     

     Article 15.  Importation, Sale, Production, and

               Utilisation of Technical  Equipment  of

               Telecommunications

     1.Importation (sending  in) of  technical telecommunications

equipment   from abroad,  manufacture for    sale  or  any  other

distribution in  the territory  of the Republic of Lithuania  and

trade in  them or  any other  distribution  shall be regulated by

communications administration  licences   the  issuance procedure

of which shall be established by the Government.

     2. Only  certified telecommunications   equipment    may  be

brought from  abroad or produced for sale in the territory of the

Republic of  Lithuania, as  well as  traded in or  distributed in

any other  way without the permission specified in par. 1 of this

Article. The  provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to the

equipment  emitting electromagnetic waves.

     3.  All   legal  and   natural  persons   may  use,  without

limitations, terminal  equipment of telecommunications  certified

in the  Republic of  Lithuania, radio  and television  receivers,

other  equipment   receiving  radio   signals.  The  provider  of

telecommunications services  shall  be  prohibited  from  forcing

directly or  indirectly to  acquire or  take  on  lease  terminal

equipment  of   telecommunications  supplied  by  any  particular

producer.

     4. All  legal and  natural persons may, without limitations,

install and  operate wire  telecommunications networks  in  their

premises and in their land holdings, which are not connected with

other networks and are used only for their own needs.

     5. Only certified technical telecommunications equipment may

be used  in    public  telecommunication  networks  and  networks

connected with them.

     

     Article 16. Certification of  Telecommunications

               Equipment

     The procedure  for the  certification of  telecommunications

equipment shall be established by the Government.

     

     Article 17. Connection of Telecommunications Terminals

               to Public Telecommunications Network

     Telecommunications terminals  may  be  connected  to  public

telecommunications network,  as well  as their maintenance may be

carried out only by the  employees authorised by the operators of

relevant public networks or persons possessing licences issued by

communications administration.  The licences  shall be  issued to

persons  with   adequate  qualifications   and  having  necessary

equipment, in  accordance with  the procedure  established by the

Ministry of Communications and Informatics.

     

     Article 18. Installation of Telecommunications

               Networks

     1. State enterprises and operators of  state special-purpose

telecommunications  networks   shall  have   the  right   to  lay

telecommunications lines  and build  their facilities on the land

owned by  the state,  as well  as on  public roads (motorways and

railways and  the land  attributed to  them,    in  the  streets,

squares, state  waters  and  on  their  shores,  across  bridges,

through tunnels)  and in  the space over them, upon co-ordination

of the  time limits  and conditions  for   carried out  works and

their   maintenance   with the  holders and  users of state-owned

land.

     2. Telecommunications  enterprises shall  have the  right to

lay  underground   telecommunications  lines   and  build   their

facilities without changing the purpose of land use:

     1) in  the land  to  which an easement  has been established

by the  mutual agreement  between the  land owner  or the user of

state-owned land and the telecommunications enterprise;

     2)  in   the   land   which   is   being   rented   by   the

telecommunications enterprise  from   the land owner  or the user

of state-owned  land for  the period  during which  the works are

being carried out.

     If the land owner or its user refuses  to let the land or to

establish an  easement  to  it,  the  Government  may  adopt  the

decision  relative  to  the  establishment  of  easement  in  the

telecommunications line route.

     3. Telecommunications  enterprises must  repair  the  damage

caused to  the environment   while  laying the telecommunications

lines, and   compensate     land owners  and users for the damage

caused in the manner established by the existing laws.

     4. While  constructing or  reconstructing buildings,  roads,

bridges   and    other   objects,   the   relocation   works   of

telecommunication  lines   shall  be  performed  by  construction

clients according  to the  technical conditions  specified by the

owners of such lines.

     5. If  the owner of land to which no easement is established

requires to  remove the telecommunication lines going through his

land, the  telecommunication enterprise  must complete relocation

works within  two years from the moment of the filing of request.

If  the   land  owner  requests  to  remove  from  his  land  the

telecommunication lines  laid prior  to the coming into effect of

this Law,  the relocation  works shall  be  carried  out  at  the

expense of  the land  owner.   The  telecommunication  enterprise

having removed at the request of the land owner telecommunication

lines from  his land,  shall acquire  the right  to cut  off  all

telecommunication network terminals installed in his household.

     

     Article 19. Protection of Telecommunications Networks

     1. The  protected zone  of telecommunication  networks shall

comprise a  strip of  land along the telecommunications lines and

around  telecommunications  objects,  including  the  plants  and

buildings situated on it.  In this zone it shall be prohibited to

change the  purpose of  the land  use, to  construct buildings or

other structures,  to keep equipment and substances,  dig,  drill

wells, blow,  and carry  out other  works, during  which or  as a

result of  which  damage  may  be  caused  to  telecommunications

structures,   without    prior   consent    of   the   owner   of

telecommunications lines and (or) the owner of the objects.

     2.  Dimensions   of  protected   zones,  methods   of  their

designation, the  procedure for  carrying out works in them shall

be  established   in  the   regulations  of   the  protection  of

telecommunications networks, approved by the Government.

     3. Enterprises, organisations, owners and users of  land, as

well   as   other   persons,   through   the   fault   of   which

telecommunications  facilities have been damaged, must compensate

the enterprise operating this facility for the caused damage.

     4. Upon  co-ordination with  state-owned  land  holders  and

users,  the   employees  authorised   by  enterprises   operating

technical telecommunications  facilities shall have the  right to

freely move  around protected  zones of telecommunications lines,

to repair  or reconstruct the lines,  dig pits and open trenches.

Said employees shall also be permitted to trim off tree branches,

to cut  shrubs in  order to  maintain the  width of the clearings

established in the design and the distance to the air line wires.

     5. Upon  completion of  the works specified in par.4 of this

Article,   telecommunications    enterprises   must   bring   the

environment to  its former  condition and   compensate  the  land

users for caused  damage.

     

     Article 20. Radio and Television Broadcasting

     1. One  of  the  wire  radio  or  cable  television  network

channels  must  be  used  for  broadcasting  the  first  national

programme of  the Lithuanian Radio and Television. This Law shall

not regulate the use of other channels.

     2. Radio  and television  broadcasting enterprises which are

under the  jurisdiction of  the Ministry  of  Communications  and

Informatics  must broadcast all the  programmes of the Lithuanian

Radio  and   Television.  Said   enterprises  may  broadcast  the

programmes of  other mass  media (  radio and television studios,

editorial offices)  in the cases and in the manner established by

the Government.

     

     Article 21. The Secrecy of Messages Transmitted by

               Telecommunications facilities

     1. Employees  of  telecommunications  enterprises  shall  be

prohibited  from   disclosing     the   contents   of   telephone

conversations, telegraph  messages and of information transmitted

by other telecommunications facilities to unauthorised persons or

to provide them with conditions to learn it by themselves,  which

they learn  in the  course of  the performance  of their official

duties.

     2. Information  concerning the  users  of  telecommunication

services, necessary for the calculation of the fees for services,

must be  minimal and  may not  be divulged to other persons, with

the exception  of the  users of  services themselves  or  persons

authorised by them.

     3.   Information    concerning    the    number    of    the

telecommunications terminal, the location of its installation and

ownership is not secret, but at the request of the subscriber may

not be disclosed to other persons.

     4. Information  specified in  par. 1  and 2  of this Article

may be  disclosed or  conditions may  be provided for learning it

only in  cases and  in the  manner provided  by the  laws of  the

Republic of Lithuania.

     5. Persons who violate  the requirements set forth in par. 1

of this Article shall incur administrative and criminal liability

in   the    manner   established    by   laws.    Employees    of

telecommunications  enterprises     who   have   committed   such

violations shall  be dismissed  from office as having discredited

themselves. Persons  who   violate the  requirements set forth in

par. 2 of this Article shall incur administrative liability.

                                   

                            Chapter V



         RIGHTS, DUTIES AND LIABILITY OF THE POST OFFICE

               AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS ENTERPRISES

                                   

     Article 22. The Right of Entry

     1. Upon notifying the owner of the land, a person authorised

in writing  by  telecommunications enterprise may enter this land

holding (  if it  is not  built up,   used as a garden or playing

ground)       for          performing   design   examination   of

telecommunications facilities.

     2. Post  offices and  telecommunications  enterprises  shall

have the  right to  install and  maintain subscribers' post boxes

and post  boxes and telecommunications  facilities in the streets

and other  public places,  if this  does not  interfere with  the

movement of  pedestrians and  transport, as  well as to enter the

objects of  private property,  when it  is necessary  to install,

check or  repair technical  facilities of  telecommunications. If

while exercising  these rights,  material  damage  is  caused  to

private or  public property,  the  enterprise must compensate for

the damage caused.

     3. Representatives   of  telecommunications enterprises  may

enter the  landholdings of the Ministries of National Defence and

Internal Affairs  and their  subdivisions in  accordance with the

procedure  established  by  the  joint  order  issued  by    said

Ministries and the Ministry of  Communications and Informatics.

     

     Article 23. The Duty to Inform

     1. Post  offices  and  telecommunications  enterprises  must

inform  in advance  in writing the Ministry of Communications and

Informatics about the commencement of the provision of postal and

telecommunications services,  as well  as about  the  changes  in

service provision  conditions.

     2. Post  offices  and  telecommunications  enterprises  must

announce   in advance  about the  changes  in  service  provision

conditions and rates and fees.

     

     Article 24. Mandatoriness of the Rules

     Post offices  and telecommunications enterprises, as well as

legal and natural persons providing postal and telecommunications

services  or   in  any   other  way   related   to   postal   and

telecommunications activities,  must observe   the rules approved

by the Ministry of Communications and Informatics.

     

     Article 25. Liability

     Violation of  this  Law  shall  incur  liability  under  the

effective laws of the Republic of Lithuania.

     

     Article 26. Final Provisions

     1. The  Law on  Communications of  the Republic of Lithuania

comes into effect as of 1 January 1996.

     2. The Provision of par.1 of Article 8 of this Law, pursuant

to which  the state post office has an exclusive right to deliver

social insurance pensions and Article 10,  come into effect as of

1 January 1997.

     3. To  repeal the  Law on  Communications of the Republic of

Lithuania  No.I-1392 of 30 May 1991.

     

     I promulgate  this Law  passed by the Seimas of the Republic

of Lithuania.

     

     

Algirdas Brazauskas

President of the Republic



Vilnius

30 November 1995

No. I-1109